It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
ARTFL is a cooperative project of the Institut National de la Langue Française (INaLF) of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)and the Divisions of the Humanities and Social Sciences of the University of Chicago. Resources available through ARTFL include FRANTEXT, a database of nearly 2000 texts of French literature and non-fiction; several French-English dictionaries; the ARTFL Encyclopédie, a complete on-line version of the first edition of Diderot and d'Alembert's Encyclop
French texts in a variety of genres ranging from the 12th to the 19th centuries. French-English Dicrionaries
Contains the most commonly occurring surnames in the United States, giving their comparative frequencies, linguistic and historical explanations, selected associated forenames, and occasional genealogical notes. Explains the meanings—some intuitive, some amusing, and some quite surprising—of the family names for more than 90 percent of the U.S. population.
Search the full text of Old English works by individual word, phrase, title, or author. Contains approximately three million words of Old English and two million words of Latin. If a particular text is significant because of dialect or date, there may be more than one copy of the work included in the Corpus.
The Dictionary of Old English (DOE) defines the vocabulary of the first centuries ( 600-1150 A.D.) of the English language. The DOE complements the Middle English Dictionary (which covers the period 1100-1500 A.D.) and the Oxford English Dictionary, the three together providing a full description of the vocabulary of English. More than one third of the Dictionary -- nine of the 22 letters of the Old English alphabet--has been published, and more than half of the total entries have been written to date.
Scholarly art encyclopedia covering all aspects of Western and non-Western visual art. Iincludes the full text of The Dictionary of Art, containing more than 45,000 articles (more than 21,000 biographies and 500,000 bibliographical citations). Also includes images of the most frequently studied works of art.
Provides coverage of films and filmmakers. Entrants include legendary films, actors and actresses, directors, writers and other production artists. Includes a detailed essays; Biography; filmographies; comprehensive credits; major awards; and updated bibliographies. More than 260 new entries and more than 200 updated entries. Includes more than 1,600 photographs.